Licensing & State Laws

Are you legally allowed to drive without supervision now? Learn more about Illinois’ multi-stage licensing process.

Instruction Permit – 15

When you turn 15, teens may apply for a instruction permit with the written consent of your parent or legal guardian. Upon enrolling in an approved driver education course, passing a written driver’s knowledge test and a vision test, you’ll be issued an instruction permit.

With an instruction permit, you may only drive under the supervision of a licensed parent or adult age 21 or older, who must be riding in the front passenger seat. The number of passengers is limited to one in the front seat and the number of seat belts in the back seat. You’re required to practice driving for at least 50 hours, including 10 hours at night, before moving on to the initial licensing phase. Illinois does not allow you to drive at night between 10 p.m.-6 a.m. Sunday-Thursday nights or between 11 p.m.-6 a.m. Friday-Saturday nights.

Initial Driver’s License – 16

When you turn 16 and have driven conviction-free on an instruction permit for at least nine months, you can apply for an initial driver’s license. Your parent or legal guardian must certify that you have completed a minimum of 50 hours of practice driving, including 10 hours at night. Successful completion of a state-approved driver education course must also be provided, plus proof of qualified enrollment in or graduation from an accredited high school or GED program (certain exclusions apply). Your parent must either accompany you to the Driver Services facility to sign an application form or have their signature notarized on an authorized form. You’ll be required to pass a behind-the-wheel test before your initial license is issued.

With your initial license, you’re allowed to drive alone, but must follow certain restrictions. Illinois does not allow teens with initial licenses to drive between 10 p.m.-6 a.m. Sunday-Thursday nights or between 11 p.m.-6 a.m. Friday-Saturday nights — some of the riskiest driving hours for teens. For the first 12 months of licensing or until you turn 18, whichever comes first, the number of passengers is limited to one person under age 20, unless the additional passenger is your sibling, step-sibling, child or step-child. After this period, the number of passengers is limited to one in the front seat and the number of seat belts in the back seat. Keep in mind that until you reach the age of 18, Illinois law authorizes your parents or legal guardian to withdraw their consent for you to drive. Listen to their direction and respect their knowledge.

Full License – 18

When you turn 18, you’re eligible for a full, unrestricted license if you’ve held a conviction-free initial license for at least six months. In all instances, all teen drivers and their passengers must wear seat belts. Additionally, teens under the age of 19 are prohibited from using a cell phone or any type of hand-held communication device — including texting — while driving, except for calling 911 or other emergency purposes.

As of July 1, 2014 in Illinois, everyone ages 18-20 who did not attend driver’s education, must complete a 6-hour driver training and education course before applying for a driver’s license. These courses are offered by driving schools certified by the Illinois Secretary of State’s Office. For more information about these courses, visit

For more information on the licensing process, visit the Illinois Secretary of State Office

Police enforce life-saving traffic laws related to seat belt use, drinking and driving, teen driver’s licenses and speeding, among others. If you violate these laws, you will be punished. Breaking the law can lead to fines, license suspension and other penalties.

  • Expect to present your driver’s license, vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
  • Always cooperate and be respectful with law enforcement, whether you’re the driver or a passenger.
  • Talk to your parent about what happened.

If you get a ticket or are in a crash, it could lead to a court appearance and many unpleasant consequences:

  • Fines
  • Suspended driving privileges
  • Driver’s license points
  • Attorney’s fees
  • Court costs
  • Insurance rate increases

In Illinois, under certain circumstances, parents must accompany teens to court appearances, particularly cases involving court supervision.

The Illinois Secretary of State Office is in charge of licensing for all drivers in Illinois. All written exams and behind-the-wheel tests required for your driver’s license can be performed at any Driver Services facility. High schools participating in the Cooperative Driver Testing Program (CDTP) may also conduct licensing tests.

Please check in advance for locations, hours, fees and acceptable forms of identification you’ll need to present when applying for each stage of licensing. Study materials to help you get ready for the exams are also available.

Here’s information about some Illinois laws and how they can affect teen drivers.

Graduated Driver’s License (GDL) Violations

Traffic violations related to GDL restrictions can range from fines set by the court to suspension or revocation of your driver’s license or driving privileges.

Driving Under the Influence in Illinois

In Illinois, drivers with a blood alcohol concentration of .08 or more can be charged with a Driving Under the Influence (DUI) violation. While the penalties are severe, they’re even more punitive for drivers under the age of 21.

Under 21 DUI

  • A first DUI conviction can result in revocation of driving privileges for a minimum of two years.
  • A first-time DUI offender under age 18 on a statutory summary suspension is not eligible for a Monitoring Device Driving Permit (MDDP).

Remedial education and/or retesting may be required prior to reinstatement of driving privileges for those under age 18.

Illinois alcohol possession or consumption law

A person under the age of 21 who is found guilty or granted court supervision for a violation of state law or local ordinance relating to illegal consumption, possession, purchase or receipt of alcohol, regardless of whether a vehicle was involved, will face a loss of driving privileges, in addition to any fine imposed.

  • Court supervision for any of these offenses can result in a three-month suspension of driving privileges.
  • A first conviction can result in a six-month suspension of driving privileges. Subsequent convictions can result in an extended suspension or revocation of driving privileges.

Driver, Passenger and Child Passenger Seat Belt Laws

Here’s a summary of the passenger restraint laws in Illinois:

  • All passengers must wear a seat belt at all times regardless of their location in the vehicle
  • Any driver transporting a child under age 8 is responsible for securing the child in an appropriate child restraint system for his or her age and weight.

Children over 40 pounds may be transported in the back seat of a vehicle with only a lap belt if the back seat is not equipped with a lap and shoulder belt.

Failure to comply with these laws can result in fines set by the court and possible suspension of certain driving privileges.

Illinois Speed Limit Laws

Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits on Illinois roadways are as follows:

  • Rural interstates: 70 mph
  • Urban interstates: between 55 and 70 mph depending upon location
  • Other limited-access roads: 65 mph
  • Other roads: 55 mph

Violations of Illinois speed limit laws can result in fines set by the court and possible suspension of driving privileges.