Michigan Driving Laws
Here’s information about some Michigan laws and how they can affect teen drivers.
Graduated Driver’s License (GDL) Violations
Traffic violations related to GDL restrictions can range from fines set by the court to delayed advancement to the next level of licensure or the repeat of a level. More serious violations can result in the suspension or revocation of your driver’s license or driving privileges.
Driving Under the Influence in Michigan
In Michigan, drivers age 21 and over with a Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of .08 or more can be charged with an Operating While Intoxicated (OWI) violation. The limits are more restrictive for drivers under the age of 21 — who can be charged with OWI with a BAC of .02 or more..
- Driver’s license restricted for 30 days.
- Payment of a fine of up to $250 and/or up to 360 hours of community service.
- Four points on your driving record.
- Payment of a Driver Responsibility fee of $500 for two consecutive years.
Michigan Alcohol Purchase, Consumption or Possession Law
A person under the age of 21 who is found guilty of a violation of state law or local ordinance relating to illegal consumption, possession, purchase or receipt of alcohol, regardless of whether a vehicle was involved, faces the following penalties:
- First offense — $100 fine; subsequent convictions can result in larger fines and extended suspension or restriction of driving privileges.
- Community service and alcohol screening may be required.
- If in a motor vehicle, two points added to driving record and vehicle can be impounded for up to 30 days.
Penalties for Use of Fraudulent ID to Purchase Liquor
- Up to a $100 fine, 93 days in jail, or both.
- Suspension of driver’s license of up to 90 days.
- Alcohol screening may be required.
Driver, Passenger and Child Passenger Safety Belt Laws
Here’s a summary of the passenger restraint laws in Michigan:
- Safety belts are required for the driver and front seat passengers.
- Children ages 8 until 16 are required to wear a safety belt or be in an approved child restraint system when seated anywhere in the vehicle.
- Children ages 4 up to 8 years and also less than 57” tall are required to be properly secured in a booster seat or child restraint system. If taller than 57”, they must wear a safety belt.
- Children under age 4 are required to be properly secured in a child restraint system in the rear seat, unless no rear seat is available.
Failure to comply with Michigan Passenger Restraint Laws can result in fines set by the court – generally about $65.
Michigan Speed Limit Laws
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits on Michigan roadways are as follows:
- Freeways: 70 mph
- Highways: 55 mph
- Residential & Business Zones: 25 mph
Violations of Michigan speed limit laws can result in fines set by the court and assessment the following points to your driving record:
2 Points: 1-10 mph above limit
3 Points: 11-15 mph above limit
4 Points: More than 15 mph above limit