Licensing & State Laws
Even though your teen is now licensed and driving alone, Alaska’s multi-stage licensing process is still at work.
Learner’s or Instruction Permit
At age 14, teens can apply for a learner’s or instruction permit in the state of Alaska. To do so, teens under age 18 must have a parent or guardian complete a parental consent form and bring it to a driver exam office with one of the following identification documents: an original or certified copy of a birth certificate; a current U.S. passport; an Alaska state ID card; a certificate of citizenship, naturalization or birth abroad; or a foreign passport and immigration documents. Teens must pass a written driver’s knowledge test and a vision test to receive a learner’s or instruction permit.
With a learner’s or instruction permit, teens may only drive with a licensed driver age 21 or older supervising and sitting in the front seat. Teens are required to practice driving for at least 40 hours, including 10 hours in “progressively challenging circumstances”, such as nighttime and inclement weather, with a parent or a legal guardian, before they’re allowed a provisional license. Learner’s or instruction permits are valid for two years and can only be renewed once.
Teens with a provisional license are allowed to drive alone, but must follow certain restrictions. They may not drive between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. (An exception is granted for travel to and from work on the most direct route.) They are also prohibited from driving with any non-family member passengers under age 21, unless an adult age 21 or older, with a valid license, is seated next to them in the vehicle. Teens and all passengers are required to wear seat belts.
Once a teen has held a provisional license for at least 6 months, or turns age 18, these restrictions no longer apply and the teen is eligible for a full unrestricted license. The state does not place night or passenger limits on those with unrestricted licenses under age 18. However, AAA encourages parents to maintain their own rules.
A parent-teen driving agreement can help you enforce the licensing rules that the state and your family set. An agreement helps you and your teen understand the rules of the road and sends a clear message that driving is an earned privilege that your family takes seriously.
- Your teen should expect to present a valid driver’s license, vehicle registration and proof of auto insurance.
- Explain to your teen that it is important to always cooperate and be respectful when speaking with law enforcement.
- Make sure your teen understands the importance of talking to you about any encounters with law enforcement, because it can create a learning experience.
- Suspended driving privileges
- Attorney’s fees
- Court costs
- Insurance premium increases