Licensing & State Laws

Even though your teen is now licensed and driving alone, Alabama’s multi-stage licensing process is still at work.

Learner’s Permit

At age 15, teens can apply for a learner’s permit in the state of Alabama. To do so, both teen and parent must visit their local driver exam office with a state-certified copy of the teen’s birth certificate, a Social Security card and acceptable proof of school enrollment or graduation. Teens must pass a written driver’s knowledge test and a vision test to receive a learner’s permit.

With a learner’s permit, teens may only drive with a licensed driver age 21 or older supervising and sitting in the front seat. Teens are required to practice driving for at least 30 hours with a parent or a legal guardian or complete a state Department of Education approved Driver Education Course, before they’re allowed a restricted license.

Restricted License

When teens turn 16, have had a learner’s permit for at least 6 months and have completed 30 hours of practice driving, they can apply for this intermediate license. They also must pass a behind-the-wheel driving test, complete a vision test and provide proof of practice driving time. Legal guardians must accompany their teens to the DMV to sign the application form.

Teens with a restricted license are allowed to drive alone, but must follow certain restrictions, unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian or by a licensed driver 21 years of age or older with the consent of parent or legal guardian. They may not drive between midnight and 6 a.m. (Some exceptions are granted, such as driving to and from work on a regular basis, a school sponsored event, a religious organization, hunting and fishing activities or an emergency.) They are also prohibited from driving with more than one passenger in the vehicle, not including a parent or legal guardian of the licensee. Alabama law also prohibits the use of ANY handheld communication device while driving, such as phones, iPods, GPS systems, etc.   Teen drivers and all passengers are required to wear seat belts.

Unrestricted License

At age 17, teens are eligible for a full unrestricted license if they have held a restricted license for six months and have no violations. The state does not place night or passenger limits on those with unrestricted licenses, however, AAA encourages parents to maintain their own rules.

A parent-teen driving agreement can help you enforce the licensing rules that the state and your family set. An agreement helps you and your teen understand the rules of the road and sends a clear message that driving is an earned privilege that your family takes seriously.

For more information, visit the Alabama Department of Public Safety.

  • Your teen should expect to present a valid driver’s license, vehicle registration and proof of car insurance.
  • Explain to your teen that it is important to always cooperate and be respectful when speaking with law enforcement.
  • Make sure your teen understands the importance of talking to you about any encounters with law enforcement, because it can create a learning experience.

If your teen breaks a law, gets a ticket or is involved in a crash, it could lead to a court appearance and the following consequences.

  • Fines
  • Suspended driving privileges
  • Points
  • Attorney’s fees
  • Court costs
  • Insurance premium increases