Licensing & State Laws

Are you legally allowed to drive without supervision now? Learn more about New Jersey’s licensing process.

Special Learner’s Permit or Examination Permit

At age 16, you may apply for a special learner’s permit in the state of New Jersey. You and your parent or guardian need to visit the local Motor Vehicle Commission office and bring required identification documents and proof of enrollment in a driver training course. Teens age 17 may apply for an examination permit without proof of enrollment in a driver training course.  You must pass the written driver’s knowledge test and a vision test to receive a special learner’s permit or examination permit.

Upon completion of a driver training course and with a special learner’s permit, you may begin practice driving only if you are accompanied in the front seat by a driver age 21 or older who has been licensed in New Jersey for at least 3 years. Teens with an examination permit may begin practicing driving without completing a driver training course. While practicing driving, you are required to display the GDL decal in the vehicle. You may not drive between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. (some exemptions granted). No more than one passenger, other than your parents, guardians and dependents, is allowed (in addition to the supervising driver). You and all your passengers are required to wear seat belts.

Probationary License

At age 17, if you have held a special learner’s permit and been eligible for practice driving for at least 6 months without a suspension or postponement, you may apply for the probationary license. Examination permit holders may apply at age 18. To obtain the probationary license, teens must visit the Motor Vehicle Commission office and bring required identification documents. Once you pass a road test, a probationary license will be issued.

A probationary licensee may drive unsupervised, but you must follow certain restrictions. You may not drive between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. (some exceptions granted). Unless you are accompanied by a supervising parent or guardian, no more than one additional passenger (including siblings) is allowed besides your parents, guardians, and dependents.

You are required to display the GDL decal in the vehicle. You and all your passengers are required to wear seat belts.

Full License

Teens that have held a probationary license for one year without any suspensions or postponements and are at least 18 may apply for a full driver license. You must visit your local Motor Vehicle Commission office and bring your probationary license and the required identification documents.

Now is a good time to set up a parent-teen driving agreement to help you and your parents establish expectations related to both their rules and those of the state.

For more information, visit the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission. 

Police enforce life-saving traffic laws related to seat belt use, drinking and driving, teen licensure and speeding, among others. If you violate those laws, you will be punished. Breaking the law can lead to fines, license suspension and other penalties.

  • Expect to present your driver’s license, the vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
  • Always cooperate and be respectful with law enforcement, whether you’re the driver or a passenger.
  • Talk to your parent about what happened.

If you get a ticket or are in a crash, it could lead to a court appearance and many unpleasant consequences.

  • Fines
  • Suspended driving privileges
  • Driver’s license points
  • Attorney’s fees
  • Court costs
  • Insurance rate increases

The New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission is in charge of licensing for all drivers in the state. The MVC keeps track of license status and can suspend your license if you get too many tickets, don’t keep insurance on your car or commit other violations.