Licensing & State Laws

To get your driver’s license in Virginia, you’ll move through three licensing stages. As you progress, you’ll also need your parents’ permission at each step.

Learner’s Permit

When you turn 15 and 6 months, you may apply for a learner’s permit. You and a parent or guardian need to visit your local driver exam office and bring a state-certified copy of your birth certificate. Once you pass the written driver’s knowledge test and a vision test, you’ll be given your learner’s permit.

A learner’s permit lets you drive only with a licensed driver age 21 or older supervising and sitting in the front seat. The learner’s permit lets you practice driving with an experienced adult driver. Once you have practiced driving for at least 45 hours (including 15 hours after sunset) with a parent or legal guardian, you are allowed to get a provisional license.

Provisional License

When you turn 16 and 3 months and have had your learner’s permit for at least 9 months, you can go to your local DMV to take the driving test. You’ll also need to take a second vision test and provide proof that you completed the required practice driving time. Once you do that, you can receive your provisional license. Make sure a parent comes with you to sign the application form or get your parent’s notarized signature on the form ahead of time.

When you have a provisional license, you’re allowed to drive without a parent, but you must follow certain rules to help keep you safe. Virginia does not allow teens with provisional licenses to drive between 12 midnight and 4 a.m. — some of the riskiest driving hours for all drivers and especially teens. Exceptions are granted for travel to and from work, school activities and medical reasons. You also may not drive with more than one non-family passenger under age 21 for the first year you hold your license.  After one year, you may transport up to three passengers under 21 until you reach age 18.   You and all of your passengers must wear seat belts while you’re driving.

Full License

At age 18, you are eligible for a full unrestricted license if you have successfully completed a driver education course. Without driver education, you cannot get an unrestricted license until age 20.

Cell Phone and Texting Laws
Drivers under age 18 may not use cell phones (handheld or hands-free) or other telecommunications devices while driving. Exceptions exist for emergency purposes or if the vehicle is legally stopped or parked. Drivers of all ages are prohibited from writing, reading or sending text messages or e-mails while driving.

Now is a good time to set up a parent-teen driving agreement to help you and your parents establish expectations related to both their rules and the laws in your state.

For more information on the licensing process, visit the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles.

The Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, through its Driver Services Program, is in charge of licensing for all drivers in the state.

  • Conducts the written exam and road test for your learner’s License and intermediate license.
  • Provides study materials to help you get ready for the exams.
  • Keeps track of your license status and can suspend your license if you get too many tickets, don’t keep insurance on your car or commit other violations.

Your parents will do most of the rule setting and enforcement as you learn to drive. But state and local police are involved, too.

Police enforce traffic laws and investigate crashes. By enforcing traffic laws and requirements on seat belt use, distracted driving, drinking and driving, and teen licensing laws, police keep everyone on the road safer. Breaking the law can lead to fines, license suspension and other penalties.

  • If pulled over by the police, expect to present your driver’s license, the vehicle registration and proof of insurance.
  • If stopped as a driver or passenger, always cooperate and be respectful with law enforcement.
  • If in any kind of situation involving law enforcement, talk to your parents about it immediately afterward.

If you get a ticket or are involved in a crash, you may need to appear in court, whether you believe you were at fault or not. This is serious stuff: Judges often assess fines and suspend driving privileges for traffic offenses.

Police and courts are there when things go wrong. You and your parents can help keep things right.

  • Use a parent-teen driving agreement.
  • Keep your parents in the know about who you ride with.
  • Let your parents know when and where you’re headed.